The Mediterranean diet is a diet that has attracted attention recently. Mediterranean diet is the basic diet in countries such as Turkey, Tunisia, Italy and Spain. In the Mediterranean diet, nutrients are consumed in a balanced way.
Many studies have shown that the Mediterranean diet has many benefits. Changing dietary habits in line with socioeconomic developments can also invite diseases by determining strengths and weaknesses.
Studies show that a Mediterranean diet can prevent many diseases. These include cancer, heart diseases, obesity, blood pressure, cholesterol level and diseases such as Alzheimer’s.
Mediterranean cuisine is rich in olive oil, fish, fresh fruit and vegetables, legumes and grains. In other words, the content of cholesterol and simple carbohydrates in the Mediterranean type diet is low; complex carbohydrates, monounsaturated fatty acids and fiber content is high.
In the Mediterranean diet pyramid, meat is consumed once a month, dessert, eggs, chicken, turkey, fish once a week, cheese and yogurt, olive oil, fruit and vegetables, legumes, nuts, whole grains are consumed every day. Olive oil, especially olive oil, is often used in cooking.
Exercising regularly is one of the most important supporters of the Mediterranean diet. Turkish society lives in accordance with the Mediterranean diet.
However, cooking styles, sweet and sugar consumption, and the tendency to eat foods rich in saturated fat and fast food style have disrupted the Mediterranean type diet. So what is the importance of the Mediterranean diet for the beneficial bacteria in our intestines?
Benefits of the Mediterranean diet for the intestines
There are trillions of bacteria in our body. More than 95% of these bacteria reside in our intestines. This number of bacteria is almost 1.3 times our cell number. This bacterial community is called «intestinal flora».
These bacteria are divided into three as neutral, harmful and friendly bacteria. Many recent studies show that increasing the number of friendly bacteria in our intestines, that is, maintaining a balance in the intestinal flora, can benefit our general health. The fate of friendly bacteria in the intestinal flora is shaped within the framework of our life and eating habits.
For example, using alcohol and cigarettes, not eating probiotic-rich diet, using unconscious antibiotic drugs, eating harmful foods will decrease the number of friendly bacteria in our intestines and increase the number of harmful bacteria.
Mediterranean diet is seen as one of the important investments we will make in our gut health. The reason for this is that the Mediterranean diet includes foods that will support the number of friendly bacteria in our intestines.
Because the Mediterranean diet includes many nutrients, it also supports the diversity of microbiota . This type of diet is also rich in probiotics that support the increase in the number of probiotics.
Fruits and vegetables rich in prebiotics and milk and dairy products rich in probiotics are frequently found in the Mediterranean diet. In this type of nutrition, probiotic and prebiotic-based food groups are consumed daily.